Last update :
14/06/2024
Sympathomimetic   Norepinephrine bitartrate  
Injection
Stability in solutions Stability of mixtures Factors which affect stability Compatibility Route of administration References Pdf
   Chemical structure  

Tradename   Tradename     

Trade names are indicative and excipients composition can be different depending on the country and manufacturers

Adine Chile
Arterenol Germany
Biemefrin Turkey
Boguefren Mexico
Cardenor Turkey
Cardiamed Malaysia
Drenorep Peru
Epinor India
Fioritina Argentina
Hyponor Brazil
Levonor Poland
Levophed Belgium, Canada, Chile, Luxembourg, Malaysia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States of America
Levophrine Egypt
Nadrin India
Naretia Mexico
Nepridar Mexico
Noradren Peru
Noradrenalin Norway
Noradrenaline France, Great Britain, Ireland, Romania, Switzerland, Tunisia
Norages Spain
Norepine Belgium
Pridam Chile, Mexico
Radrenit Mexico
Softamicid Mexico
Steradine Turkey
Tehipren Mexico
References   Injection   References : Norepinephrine bitartrate  
Type Publication
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266 Journal Patel PR.
Compatibility of meropenem with commonly used injectable drugs.
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285 Journal Elmore RL, Contois ME, Kelly J, Noe A, Poirier A.
Stability and compatibility of admixtures of intravenous ciprofloxacin and selected drugs.
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295 Journal Yamashita SK, Walker SE, Choudhury T, Iazzetta J.
Compatibility of selected critical care drugs during Y-site administration.
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299 Journal Trissel LA, Martinez JF, Gilbert DL.
Compatibility of cisatracurium besylate with selected drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
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300 Journal Trissel LA, Gilbert DL, Martinez JF.
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301 Journal Trissel LA, Gilbert DL, Martinez JF, Baker MB, Walter WV, Mirtallo JM.
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314 Journal Chiu MF, Schwartz ML.
Visual compatibility of injectable drugs used in the intensive care unit.
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524 Journal Farquhar Zanetti LA.
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Norepinephrine stability in saline solutions.
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1036 Journal Hasegawa GR, Eder JF.
Visual compatibility of amiodarone hydrochloride injection with other injectable drugs.
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1041 Journal Hasegawa GR, Eder JF.
Visual compatibility of dobutamine hydrochloride with other injectable drugs.
Am J Hosp Pharm 1984 ; 41: 949-951.
1057 Journal Cutie MR.
Compatibility of verapamil hydrochloride injection with commonly used additives.
Am J Hosp Pharm 1983 ; 40: 1205-1207.
1200 Journal Chaudry IA, Bruey KP, Hurlburt LE, Oden EM.
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1201 Journal Yuhas EM, Lofton FT, Rosenberg HA, Mayron D, Baldinus JG.
Cimetidine hydrochloride compatibility III: Room temperature stability in drug admixtures.
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1338 Journal Baptista RJ, Dumas GJ, Bistrian BR, Condella F, Blackburn GL.
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1506 Journal Lopez-Cabezas C, Guerrero L, Molas G, Anglada H, Soy D.
Physicochemical compatibility of high concentration drugs usually Y-site administered in intensive care units.
EJHP 2015 ;22:107-112.
1508 Journal Voirol P, Berger-Gryllaki M, Pannatier A, Eggimann P, Sadeghipour F.
Visual compatibility of insulin aspart with intravenous drugs frequently used in ICU.
EJHP 2015 ;22:123-124.
1712 Journal Trissel LA, Saenz CA.
Compatibility screening of Precedex during simulated Y-site administration with other drugs.
Int J Pharm Compound 2002 ; 6: 230-233.
1713 Journal Trissel LA, Saenz CA.
Compatibility screening of bivalirudin during simulated Y-site administration with other drugs.
Int J Pharm Compound 2002 ; 6: 311-315.
1721 Journal Trissel LA, Williams KY, Baker MB.
Compatibility screening of Hextend during simulated Y-site administration with other drugs.
Int J Pharm Compound 2001 ; 5: 69-72.
1801 Journal Feddema S, Rusho WJ, Tyler LS, Barker B.
Physical compatibility of vasopressin with medications commonly used in cardiac arrest.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2003 ; 60: 1271-1272.
1803 Journal Trissel, LA, Saenz CA, Ogundele OB, Ingram D, Baker MB.
Compatibility of fenoldopam mesylate with other drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2003 ; 60: 80-85.
1902 Journal Walker SE, Wyllie A, Law S.
Physical compatibility of pantoprazole with selected medications during simulated Y-site administration.
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1964 Journal Hartman CA, Baroletti SA, Churchill WW et al.
Visual compatibility of argatroban with selected drugs.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2002 ; 59: 1784-1785.
1965 Journal Brustugun J, Kristensen S, Tonnesen HH.
Photostability of sympatomimetic agents in commonly used infusion media in the absence and presence of bisulfite.
PDA J Pharm Sci Technol 2004 ; 58, 6: 296-308.
2017 Journal Barker B, Feddema S, Rusho WJ, Dengg R.
Visual compatibility of vasopressin with other injectable drugs.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2005 ; 62: 1969-1976.
2018 Journal Veggeland T.
Visual compatibility of clonidine with selected drugs.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2005 ; 62: 1968-1969.
2090 Journal Pere H, Chasse V, Forest JM, Hildgen P.
Compatibility of injectable pantoprazole in Y-site administration.
Pharmactuel 2004 ; 37: 193-196.
2108 Journal Trusley C, Kupiec TC, Trissel LA.
Compatibility of micafungin injection with other drugs during simulated Y-site co-administration.
Int J Pharm Compound 2006 ; 10: 230-232.
2192 Journal Cochran BG, Sowinski KM, Fausel C, Overholser BR.
Physical compatibility and chemical stability of mycophenolate mofetil during simulated Y-site administration with commonly coadministered drugs.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2007 ; 64, 13: 1410-1414.
2247 Journal Chan P, Heatherly K, Kupiec T.C, Trissel L.A.
Compatibility of caspofungin acetate injection with other drugs during simulated Y-site coadministration.
Int J Pharm Compound 2008 ; 12, 3: 276-278.
2262 Journal Brammer MK, Chan P, Heatherly K, Trusley C, Kupiec TC, Trissel LA, Psathas PA, Gilmor T, Schaufelberger D.
Compatibility of doripenem with other drugs during simulated Y-site administratioN
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2269 Journal Chan P, Bishop A, Kupiec TC, Trissel LA, Gole D, Jimidar IM, Vermeersch H.
Compatibility of ceftobiprole medocaril with selected drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2008 ; 65, 16: 1545-1551.
2879 Poster Imesch G., Humbert-Delaloye V., Berger M., Pannatier A.
Compatibilité entre amiodarone, catecholamines et/ou nitroprussiate de sodium, administré en continu par voie veineuse aux soins intensifs adultes.
GSASA Congress - Lucerne - Switzerland 2008
3012 Journal Sullivan T, Forrest J.M, Leclair G.
Compatibility of Cloxacillin Sodium with Selected Intravenous Drugs During Simulated Y-Site Administration
Hosp Pharm 2015 ; 50, 3: 214-220.
3111 Journal Walker SE, Law S, Garland J, Fung E, Iazzetta J.
Stability of Norepinephrine Solutions in Normal Saline and 5% Dextrose in Water.
Can J Hosp Pharm 2010 ; 63, 2: 113-118.
3152 Journal Kumar A, Mann HJ.
Visual compatibility of oritavancin diphosphate with selected coadministered drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2010 ; 67: 1640-1644.
3177 Poster Humbert-Delaloye V, Berger M, Pannatier A.
Compatibilités physico-chimique entre catécholamines, amiodarone, et/ou nitroprussiate de sodium intraveineux.
16èmes JFSPH, Sion, 18-19 novembre 2010 2010
3210 Journal Jasti Bhaskara R, Saraf Poonam.
Compatibility of Parenteral Furosemide with Seventeen Secondary Drugs Used in Standard Concentrations.
Int J Pharm Compound 2011 ; 15, 3: 259-261.
3216 Journal Legris ME, Valiquette ME, Lavoie A, Forest JM, Leclair G.
Compatibilité physique par évaluation visuelle du salbutamol injectable lors de son administration en Y.
Pharmactuel 2011 ; 44, 1 : 14-18
3249 Journal Singh BM, Dedhiya MG, Dinunzio J, Chan P, Kupiec TC, Trissel LA, Laudano JB.
Compatibility of ceftaroline fosamil for injection with selected drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2011 ; 68: 2163-2169.
3254 Journal Housman S.T, Tessier P.R, Nicolau D.P, Kuti J.L.
Physical compatibility of telavancin hydrochloride with select i.v. drugs during simulated Y-site administration
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2011 ; 68: 2265-2270.
3332 Manufacturer Tigecycline (Tigacyl®) - Summary of Product characteristics
Pfizer 2012
3346 Journal H?llein L, Bennack E, Holzgrabe U.
Stabilität, Qualität und Analytik individueller Noradrenalin-Zubereitungen.
Krankenhauspharmazie 2012 ; 33: 427-431.
3372 Journal Hanci V, Ali Kiraz H, Ömür D, Ekin S, Uyan B, Yurtlu B.S.
Precipitation in Gallipoli: Sugammadex / Amiodarone & Sugammadex / Dobutamine & Sugammadex / Protamine.
Rev Bras Anestesiol 2013 ; 63, 1: 163-166.
3381 Journal Humbert-Delaloye V, Berger-Gryllaki M, Voirol P, Gattlen L, Pannatier A.
In vitro compatibility of various cardioactive drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
EJHP 2013 ; 20:110-116.
3408 Journal Tollec S, Touzin K, Pelletier E, Forest J.M.
Evaluation visuelle de la compatibilité physique de la naloxone avec d’autres médicaments intraveineux usuels.
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3644 Manufacturer Calcium gluconate® - Summary of Product Characteristics
Hameln Pharmaceuticals 2010
3766 Journal Forrest J.M, Hildgen P.
Compatibilité de l’acétylcystéine injectable lors de son administration en Y avec d’autres médicaments usuels
Pharmactuel 2014 ; 47, 3 : 161-165.
3767 Journal Legris M.E, Lavoie A, Forrest J.M, Hildgen P.
Compatibilité par évaluation visuelle du thiopental injectable lors de son administration en Y avec des médicaments usuels.
Pharmactuel 2014 ; 47, 3 : 167-172.
3823 Journal Juan E.P, Palau M.M, Cerd? S.A, Rubert M.A, Nicolau B.R.
Compatibilité physique de médicaments administrés dans l’unité de soins intensifs
Pharmactuel 2015 ; 48, 3 : 146-152.
3824 Journal Boudi S, Roy H, Forest JM, Leclair G.
Compatibilité physique de l'association amoxicilline-acide clavulanique en injection avec plusieurs autres médicaments lors d'une administration en Y.
Pharmactuel 2023 2023;56,3:91-98
3827 Poster Ghazi I.M, Hamada Y, Nicolau D.P.
Compatibility of tedizolid phosphate with selected intravenous drugs via simulated Y-site conditions.
ASHP Midyear 2015
3828 Poster Thabit A.K, Hamada Y, Nicolau D.P.
Ceftozolane/tazobactam physical compatibility during simulated Y-site administration.
ASHP Midyear 2015
3829 Poster So W, Kim L, Thabit A.K, Nicolau D.P, Kuti J.L.
Compatibility of isavunazonium sulfate during simulated Y-site administration.
ASHP Midyear 2015
3838 Manufacturer Magnesium Sulphate - Summary of Product Characteristics
Martindale Pharmaceuticals Ltd 2007
3865 Journal Vicky M, Samit S, Jaymin P, Michael C T.
Compatibility of Norepinephrine Bitartrate with Levofloxacin and Moxifloxacin During Simulated Y-site Administration.
Int J Pharm Compound 2016 ; 20, 3 : 236-238.
3879 Journal Foushee Jaime A, Meredith Pmichaele, Fox Laura M, Grace Edward E.
Y-site Physical Compatibility of Beta-blocker Infusions with Intensive Care Unit Admixtures.
Int J Pharm Compound 2016 ; 20, 4 : 328-332.
3948 Journal Bouchoud L, Fonzo-Christe C, Klingm?ller M, Bonnabry P .
Compatibility of Intravenous Medications With Parenteral Nutrition - In Vitro Evaluation.
JPEN 2012 ;30. 416?424.
3964 Journal Audet M.A, Forest E, Friciu M, Forest J.M, Leclair G.
Compatibilité du citrate de caféine injectable avec plusieurs autres médicaments.
Pharmactuel 2017 ; 50,1 : 27-33.
3989 Journal Feutry F, Genay S, Velghe C, Barthélémy C, Décaudin B, Odou, P.
Stability of midazolam and noradrenaline stored in cyclic olefin copolymer AT-Closed Vials® and polypropylene syringes during 365 days.
Pharmaceutical Technology in Hospital Pharmacy 2017 ; 2,1: 35
4055 Journal Monogue M, Almarzoky Abuhussain S, Kuti J, Nicolau D.
Physical compatibility of fosfomycin for injection with select i.v. drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2018 , 75, 1:36-44
4119 Poster Marcoz N, Ing H, Sautter AM, Saadi JF, Roulin JF, Bonnabry P.
Stabilité et compatibilité de solutions injectables d'amiodarone (Cordarone®)
Hôpitaux Universitaire de Genève 2004
4145 Journal Asempa T.E, Avery L.M, Kidd J.M, Kuti J.L, Nicolau D.P.
Physical compatibility of plazomicin with select i.v. drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2018 ;75,14:1048-1056
4160 Journal West G.B.
The Stability of Noradrenaline Solutions.
J Pharm Pharmacol 1952 560-565
4250 Journal D'Huart E, Vigneron J, Clarot I, Demoré B.
Physicochemical stability of norepinephrine bitartrate in polypropylene syringes at high concentrations for intensive care units.
Ann Pharm Fr 2019 ;77,3:212-221.
4319 Journal Lessard J-J, Caron E, Schérer H, Forest J-M, Leclair G.
Compatibility of Y-site Injection of Meropenem Trihydrate With 101 Other Injectable Drugs.
Hosp Pharm 2020 ; 55, 5: 332-337.
4323 Poster Wethmar U, Hochbrügge H, Strobel HG.
Stabilitätsprüfung von applikationsfertigen Adrenalin- und Noradrenalinverdünningen.
ADKA Kongress 2019
4380 Manufacturer Posaconazole (Noxafil®) - Summary of Product Characteristics
Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited 2019
4389 Journal Côté K, Correal F, Metras M.E, Friciu M, Forest J.M, Leclair G.
Compatibilité physique des médicaments administrés en Y aux soins intensifs, en particulier la dexmédétomidine, le lévosimendan et la kétamine.
Pharmactuel 2019 ;52,4:206-213
4433 Journal Ghazi I.M, El Nekidy W.S, Sood A, Dulku A, Patel R, Patel K.
Y-site Administration of Imipenem/Cilastatin/ Relebactam With Common Intravenous Medications
Clin Ther 2020 ; 42, 3: 475-485.
4434 Journal Avery L.M, Chen, I.H, Reyes, S, Nicolau, D.P, Kuti J.L.
Assessment of the Physical Compatibility of Eravacycline and Common Parenteral Drugs During Simulated Y-site Administration.
Clin Ther 2019 ; 41, 10: 2162-2170.
4465 Journal Foushee A, Meredith P, Fox Laura, Wilder A.
Y-site physical compatibility of hydrocortisone continuous infusions with admixtures used in critically ill patients.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2020 ;77,14:1144-1148
4491 Journal De Basagoiti A, Katsumiti A, Abascal S, Bustinza A, López-Giménez L.R, Pilar P, De Miguel M, Campino A.
Physical compatibility of alprostadil with selected drugs commonly used in the neonatal intensive care units.
Eur J Pedia 2020
4506 Journal Griffith S, Stapleton E, Padilla S, Mruk A, Thomas C.
Physical compatibility of milrinone 1 mg/mL with select cardiovascular medications during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2020 ;77,23:1938-1940.
4524 Poster Stucki C, Sautter A-M, Bonnabry P.
Physical compatibility of the propofol emulsion with 33 drugs used in anaesthesiology.
ESCP Symposium, Geneva, Switzerland 2009
4528 Journal Lu J, Liu Q, Kupiec T, Vail H, Lunch L, Fam D, Vu N.
Physical Compatibility of Cefiderocol with Selected Intravenous Drugs During Simulated Y-site Administration.
Int J Pharm Compound 2021 ;25,1:52-61
4543 Journal Senarathna G, Strunk T, Petrovski M, Batty K.
Physical compatibility of pentoxifylline and intravenous medications.
Archives of Disease in Childhood 2018 ;104:292–295.
4569 Journal Lee T.M , Villareal C.L, Meyer L.M.
Y-Site Compatibility of Intravenous Levetiracetam With Commonly Used Critical Care Medications.
Hosp Pharm 2021 ; 56, 4: 282-286.
4570 Journal Greenhill K, Hornsby E, Gorman G.
Investigations of Physical Compatibilities of Commonly Used Intravenous Medications with and without Parenteral Nutrition in Pediatric Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit Patients.
Pharmaceuticals 2019
4603 Journal Vallée M, Barthélémy I, Friciu M, Pelletier E, Forest J.M, Benoit F, Leclair G.
Compatibility of Lactated Ringer’s Injection With 94 Selected Intravenous Drugs During Simulated Y-site Administration.
Hosp Pharm 2021 ; 56, 4: 228-234.
4651 Journal De Basagoiti A, Katsumiti A, Abascal S, Bustinza A, López-Giménez L.R, Pascual P, De Miguel M, Campino A.
Physical compatibility of alprostadil with selected drugs commonly used in the neonatal intensive care units.
Eur J Pedia 2021 ;180,1169–1176.
4655 Journal Holyk A, Lindner A, Lindner S, Shippert B
Physical compatibility of Normosol-R with critical care medications used in patients with COVID-19 during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2022 ;79,1:27-33
4742 Journal Macoviciuc M, Nguyen C, Forest J-M, Leclair G.
Compatibilité physique de l’acétaminophène injectable avec 102 autres médicaments lors d’une administration en Y.
Pharmactuel 2022 ; 55, 4: 247-255.
4758 Journal Schmidt J.P, Steppe M.
Stability Study and Simultaneous Determination of Norepinephrine, Moxifloxacin, and Piperacillin + Tazobactam Mixtures Applied in Intensive Care Medicine .
Curr Pharm Anal 2023 ; 19, 4: 307-316.
4801 Journal Ruiz V, Yuwei Shen Y, Abouelhassan Y, Fouad A, Nicolau D, Kuti J.
Physical compatibility of sulbactam/durlobactam with select intravenous drugs during simulated Y-site administration.
Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2024 ;51,1:

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